It was only years later that Afeni struggled with crack addiction and poverty—but her history as a money bail activist before and after incarceration often gets erased. Money bail is essentially an act of ransom. The long-term effects of mothers and caregivers spending even just a few days in jail consist of losing custody of their children , displaced housing, unemployment, and psychological trauma. Load More. I hear it as a tribute to Afeni Shakur; all those who want liberation; families separated by mass incarceration; and those who know that when caregivers are in cages, families, and communities suffer.
Courtesy of Rommy Torrico. Power Rewire. News Rewire. Get the facts, direct to your inbox.
Want more Rewire. Facebook Twitter Instagram. Cultural critic Stanley Crouch wrote a column the week of Tupac's death in which he raked Pac across the coals for his adoption of "thug life.
Tupac grew up with a proudly held Panther idealism, but he also grew up with the knowledge that Black Power had failed to win revolution, or even drastic social change, for Blacks like himself. And members of the movement he was so proud of were the very people who had abandoned his mother—along with a young and vulnerable Tupac—in her times of need. He never rejected the past, but he was never happy with the outcome. He was, after all, living with the fallout. Writing in , Tupac addressed his mother with brutal honesty, forgiving her for abandoning him and thanking her for raising him as well as she knew how: Even though you was a crack fiend, Mama You always was a Black queen, Mama The song sings, almost in a moan, the story of his childhood on the streets, his loss of faith, and his struggle to forgive his mother.
Source Tupac didn't blame his mother for the trials he'd faced. His contradictory legacy instead turned him against mainstream America and all that it represented, especially the government and the police. Asked why he rapped about violence and drugs, here's a typical response: "Everything in life is not all beautiful, not all fun.
There is lots of killing and drugs. To me, a perfect album talks about the hard stuff and the fun and caring stuff. What I want to know, though, is why all of a sudden is everybody acting like gangs are some new phenomenon in this country? Almost everyone in America is affiliated with some kind of gang. Everybody's got their own little clique and they're all out there gangbanging in their own little way.
Backfires Tupac's brushes with the law reflected his disillusionment and anger toward law enforcement, and eventually endangered both his freedom and his life. In , he tried to file suit against the Oakland Police Department after being beaten up by cops who didn't believe him when he said he was Tupac Shakur. In , he was sued after a young man killed a state trooper in Texas and then claimed he was listening to a Tupac song about killing police when he did it. In , he was arrested in connection with the shooting of two off-duty police officers, but the charges were dropped when it was discovered that the cops may have used a stolen gun in the face-off.
Despite his self-righteous front and his obvious brilliance, Tupac's friends and family attest that he was serious about the inner exhaustion revealed in his songs. Source As a result of low self-esteem and pain about his past, Tupac was easily insulted by rejection from both women and men, and his venom came out in person and in his songs.
His relationships with women were a particularly potent site for these internal conflicts. Despite uplifting songs addressed toward the women in his life, like "Dear Mama" and "Keep Ya Head Up," he was also capable of lashing out, using his songs as a platform to brag about sleeping with lots of women and having sex with his rivals' wives. On the one hand, he castigates a woman for not respecting herself and tells her that he sees her as his sister. On the other hand, the goal of the song is to explain why it's okay to call women this derogatory term.
Some of them just are, says Tupac. Tupac joined his polarized views on women with an aversion to commitment, dating a lot of women and sleeping with even more as he rose through the ranks of fame. But even though Pac was reputed to be generally respectful and safe, even this spiraled out of control. In , he was accused and convicted of sexual abuse in a case involving a young female fan he brought to his hotel room. Although he and most who knew him believed he was not guilty, he admitted that he had been asleep in the same room while the woman was assaulted by other men.
Some charges were dropped, but he received a sentence of one and a half to four and a half years for sexual assault. Others involved got probation, and Tupac saw the sentence as an example of the government targeting him as an individual.
Even if he didn't assault the woman, this behavior at age 24 was a huge contrast to Tupac at age Speaking as a late teen, Pac told a story about being rejected by a girl from another high school because he was "too nice. Just a few years later, Pac had simultaneously shaped himself as the most prominent celebrity "player," the most prominent rapper in prison on sex abuse charges, and arguably the most prominent thug feminist.
Even if you argue that the sentencing process could've been unjust, the transformation was a confusing one. Even worse was the transformation that occurred during and after Tupac's jail time.
Ceramic house decorative figurine This tiny house with windows, door and a chimney lends realistic, whimsical appeal, but the solid ceramic design allows it to be used from season to season. I will say it to myself when I am in the shower and when I am loading the dishwasher and when I am looking for something to watch on Netflix and when I am reading a book that I am not sure if I'm enjoying. Gap Stripe Long Sleeve Crewneck This featherweight long-sleeve tee is the perfect layering piece under hoodies, cardigans, and blazers. There's nothing quite like the joy and excitement that comes with counting down to the holidays—especially with your kids who think last Christmas was forever ago. For me, it was the kind words of a stranger. Despite uplifting songs addressed toward the women in his life, like "Dear Mama" and "Keep Ya Head Up," he was also capable of lashing out, using his songs as a platform to brag about sleeping with lots of women and having sex with his rivals' wives.
Smith says, "I think a part of Pac just died right there, and then he just sold his soul. Source Fame and celebrity had caught up with Tupac, and so had prison.
He'd been swimming in a mess of attention, ranging from intense praise and huge record sales to snarky press criticism and terrifying threats on his life. While briefly out on bail after his initial charges, Tupac had been hospitalized with gunshot wounds in what appears to have been a robbery.
His incendiary behavior is credited with sparking and fanning a sometimes-violent rivalry between East Coast and West Coast rappers. Not even Tupac Shakur's closest friends deny that he was a contradictory figure, as capable of spitting venom and getting angry as he was of serving up ingenious insights on stage and in the studio. And toward the end of his life, he became hard to keep up with. He was addicted to drugs and alcohol, and the elevated hopefulness he had as a teenager had receded.
Source Despite the antics, Tupac's success upon his release from prison only grew. His best-selling album, All Eyez On Me , came out in early But in the fall of , Tupac was shot multiple times in his car in Las Vegas. He died on September 13th of injuries related to the gunshot wounds.
The murder was never solved. What About His Mother? Despite the complicated nature of their relationship, Tupac felt his mother's influence strongly. Afeni Shakur now manages Tupac's estate and runs the Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation, which supports arts programs for youth.