But because books have largely been excluded from Google's index -- distant planets of unlinked analog text -- that vast trove of knowledge can't compete with its hyperlinked rivals. But there is good reason to believe that this strange imbalance will prove to be a momentary blip, and that the blip's moment may be just about over. Credit goes to two key developments: the breakthrough success of Amazon's Kindle e-book reader, and the maturation of the Google Book Search service, which now offers close to 10 million titles, including many obscure and out-of-print works that Google has scanned.
As a result, may well prove to be the most significant year in the evolution of the book since Gutenberg hammered out his original Bible. For starters, think about what happened because of the printing press: The ability to duplicate, and make permanent, ideas that were contained in books created a surge in innovation that the world had never seen before. Now, the ability to digitally search millions of books instantly will make finding all that information easier yet again.
Expect ideas to proliferate -- and innovation to bloom -- just as it did in the centuries after Gutenberg. Think about it. Before too long, you'll be able to create a kind of shadow version of your entire library, including every book you've ever read -- as a child, as a teenager, as a college student, as an adult.
Every word in that library will be searchable. It is hard to overstate the impact that this kind of shift will have on scholarship. Entirely new forms of discovery will be possible.
Abstract Developments over the last twenty years have fueled considerable speculation about the future of the book and of reading itself. This book begins with a. Developments over the last twenty years have fueled considerable speculation about the future of the book and of reading itself. This book begins with a brief.
Imagine a software tool that scans through the bibliographies of the 20 books you've read on a specific topic, and comes up with the most-cited work in those bibliographies that you haven't encountered yet. The magic of that moment in Austin "I'm in the mood for a novel -- oh, here's a novel right here in my hands!
On another occasion, I managed to buy and download a book on a New York City subway train, during a brief two-stop stretch on an elevated platform. Amazon's early data suggest that Kindle users buy significantly more books than they did before owning the device, and it's not hard to understand why: The bookstore is now following you around wherever you go. My impulsive purchase of "On Beauty" has another element to it, though -- one that may not be as welcomed by authors. Specifically: I was in the middle of the other book, and in a matter of seconds, I left it for one of its competitors.
The jump was triggered, in this case, by a sudden urge to read fiction, but it could have been triggered by something in the book I was originally reading: a direct quote or reference to another work, or some more indirect suggestion in the text. In other words, an infinite bookstore at your fingertips is great news for book sales, and may be great news for the dissemination of knowledge, but not necessarily so great for that most finite of 21st-century resources: attention.
Because they have been largely walled off from the world of hypertext, print books have remained a kind of game preserve for the endangered species of linear, deep-focus reading. Online, you can click happily from blog post to email thread to online New Yorker article -- sampling, commenting and forwarding as you go.
But when you sit down with an old-fashioned book in your hand, the medium works naturally against such distractions; it compels you to follow the thread, to stay engaged with a single narrative or argument. The Kindle in its current incarnation maintains some of that emphasis on linear focus; it has no dedicated client for email or texting, and its Web browser is buried in a subfolder for "experimental" projects. But Amazon has already released a version of the Kindle software for reading its e-books on an iPhone, which is much more conducive to all manner of distraction.
No doubt future iterations of the Kindle and other e-book readers will make it just as easy to jump online to check your k performance as it is now to buy a copy of "On Beauty.
It also touches on effective study habits and student success skills. Just in Time! It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Because of their easy navigability, paper books and documents may be better suited to absorption in a text. Powered by nopCommerce.
As a result, I fear that one of the great joys of book reading -- the total immersion in another world, or in the world of the author's ideas -- will be compromised. We all may read books the way we increasingly read magazines and newspapers: a little bit here, a little bit there. Now that books are finally entering the world of networked, digital text, they will undergo the same transformation that Web pages have experienced over the past 15 years.
Blogs, remember, were once called "Web logs," cultivated by early digital pioneers who kept a record of information they found online, quoting and annotating as they browsed. With books becoming part of this universe, "booklogs" will prosper, with readers taking inspiring or infuriating passages out of books and commenting on them in public. Google will begin indexing and ranking individual pages and paragraphs from books based on the online chatter about them.
As the writer and futurist Kevin Kelly says, "In the new world of books, every bit informs another; every page reads all the other pages. Think of it as a permanent, global book club. As you read, you will know that at any given moment, a conversation is available about the paragraph or even sentence you are reading. Nobody will read alone anymore. Reading books will go from being a fundamentally private activity -- a direct exchange between author and reader -- to a community event, with every isolated paragraph the launching pad for a conversation with strangers around the world.
This great flowering of annotating and indexing will alter the way we discover books, too.
Web publishers have long recognized that "front doors" matter much less in the Google age, as visitors come directly to individual articles through search. Some eBooks may need to be copied or reversioned to a different or alternate file-type or format over time.
Conversely, this can prove to be an advantage, though. There are numerous proprietary formats that compete and these competing formats can confuse users. The lack of a single universal format is an issue.
The usefulness, longevity and application of some texts and their availability or readability in the future as a result of the format s used at the time of production may need to be considered. The capacity of an eReader model to read different eBook formats is a major consideration.
A book will never turn off and requires no charger or batteries. It might be unusable only if damaged, torn in parts or deteriorate and the ink fade over many decades. There is no guarantee that electronic copies will last as components can fail, screens can become scratched and parts may fall off with buttons becoming inoperable. Electronic devices do degrade over a period of time and obsolescence is a key factor is usability; user acceptance and other newer technologies take over.
Hardware and software become extinct at a constant, predictable rate. E-book readers are more susceptible to damage from being dropped or hit than a print book.
The device or reader must be protected from the elements i. Hard copy printed texts are not susceptible to damage from electromagnetic pulses, surges, impacts, or extreme temperatures. Less costly devices emerge with increased functionality. As a diagnostic tool to gauge user interest or interaction, eBook technology can be a real benefit to educators and to those promoting and encouraging reading.
Due to data mining engines and software, the growing amount of data available through Google search engines, MySpace and Facebook is available. A recent phenomenon is that it is far easier to track and record what specific people might be reading by a specific location, region or country. Issues of privacy, solitude, personal and private writing and personal reading are changing. There are environmental issues that need to be recognised.
As old devices become obsolete, there will be larger amounts of toxic waste that are not easily biodegradable. Issues such as working conditions for people in the countries manufacturing them must be debated.
The use of metals, compounds and chemicals as well as residues and pollutants in the manufacturing process need to be investigated and how it impacts on the workforce. More privileged users benefit whilst others may suffer short or long term illness or hardship.
Developing countries or those who do not adequately protect their workforce will be further disadvantaged. Refer to: [ www. The potential for piracy of e-books is a concern and has been a major issue for publishers and authors who have been very reluctant to distribute their subject matter in digital forms.
These impacts upon copyright issues in education and often impedes teachers and students alike in providing appropriate content in a timely manner. It also impacts upon those students who require alternate formats, or text that is easily manipulated and reversioned according to their cognitive, learning, study, concentration, organisational, visual and comprehension needs. An e-book reader is an electronic device that is designed primarily for the purpose of reading digital books and periodicals and uses e-ink technology to display content to readers.
The following are some devices that have been tried by members of this forum and found to be usable.